Infrastructure and Transport
Basic infrastructures are fundamental to economic growth and development. The national strategy reflects the general policy of the government focusing on economic and social development by strengthening and modernizing the country’s infrastructure and superstructure networks as well as implementing a proximity policy through the opening-up of the rural zones.
Morocco has one of the most developed traffic system in the North African continent. It consists of nearly 60.000km of classified roads, 11 commercial ports, 1.907km of railway and 15 airports open to local and international traffic. Faced with an increasing transport demand, the Government introduced an investment policy mainly centered on the maintenance and protection of the existing Road network and the increase in capacity.
Tanger MED Port
Entering into service in July 2007, Tanger Med Port is Morocco's response to the need to build a world class hub on the Strait of Gibraltar’s South shore. This is an integrated port complex connected into the global trade network including an industrial and free zone.
Boasting an exceptional location in the heart of the Strait of Gibraltar, the port of Tanger Med provides direct access to major East/West shipping routes without ship deviation. Its location at the crossroads between the Mediterranean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean also gives it the advantage of capturing the North-South routes serving Africa and South America.
With a capacity of 3 million containers (which should increase to 8 million by 2016), Tanger Med was designed to accommodate the latest generation of container vessels. It is both a platform to facilitate the worldwide transfer of merchandise and a gateway to Morocco, therefore accommodating all import-export related traffic.
Tanger Med confirmed the optimal strategic position of Morocco and the Strait of Gibraltar on the container shipping market. Tanger Med 2 Project has been under construction since June 2009 and is a large expansion of the Tanger Med complex. Its purpose is to increase the long-term potential of the Strait of Gibraltar and to become consequently an important hub in the global map of shipping containers.
The country railway high speed plan is another key pillar of the sector’s development, set to extend over 1500 km by 2035. With an extensive coastline and more than 95% of its external commerce passing through its ports, Morocco is also working to develop its potential as a maritime hub.
Moreover, the aviation sector has experienced significant growth in passenger numbers, rising from 5.3 million in 2003 to 15 million in 2010.
In order to meet all users’ expectations and the increasing demand for means of transportation, Morocco has carried out reforms in a certain number of sectors. These reforms focus on both infrastructure and the organizational and institutional aspect of the sector.