The objectives of the wind energy program are:

Increase the share of wind power in the national energy balance to 14% by 2020.

Achieve a production capacity from wind power of 2 GW and annual production capacity of 6600 GWh, corresponding to 26% of current electricity generation.

Save annually 1.5 million tons of fuel, matching the sum of 750 million U.S. dollars, and prevent the emission of 5.6 million tonnes of CO2 per year.

Morocco Key Facts

ECONOMY

ENERGY

CLIMATE

Projected GDP growth (2016): 2.6% Average annual electricity demand growth: 7.2%
INDC Target:
To reach 113 Mt CO2eq in 2020 and 129 Mt CO2eq in 2025, decreasing by 7 % and 10 % compared to BAU emissions in 2020 and 2025, respectively.
To reach 103 Mt CO2eq by 2020 and 104 Mt CO2eq by 2025, decreasing by 16 % and 27 % compared to BAU emissions in 2020 and 2025, respectively, if new climate finance mechanisms, such as the Green Climate Fund.

In 1982, after the second oil shock, the Kingdom of Morocco decided to create a center for renewable energy. The goal at that time was just to look at new technologies because of the country’s energy dependence. In the 1990s, the center was looking at developing solar PV for rural electrification and for other applications like solar pumping and electricity for telecommunication. The center also developed connected renewable energy power and focused mainly on wind. But the real big change arrived in 2009 when the King’s letter gave priority to renewable energy and energy efficiency in the country energy policy.Inspired by a strong “green” conviction, Morocco pays great attention to the preservation of the environment and defines its socio-economic development plans within a sustainable development vision. The center became the Moroccan Agency for Energy Efficiency (AMEE). This transversal approach, together with the necessity to deal with an increasing power demand, conducted Morocco to adopt an ambitious and voluntarist energy strategy aiming to reach 42% of renewable energy in its capacity energy mix by 2020, equally distributed among solar power, wind power and hydro-power (2GW each) and an energy efficiency program aiming to reach 12% of energy saving by 2020. To achieve these objectives, an attractive legal and institutional framework was set-up and integrated national plans have been rolled-out for both solar and wind power.These programs attracted green financing and different development banks are today supporting this policy (World Bank, African Development Bank, European Investment Bank, the German KfW and the French AfD). In 2015, His Majesty the King announced that Morocco will reach 52% of our electricity capacity coming from renewable energy by 2030.

The actors
MASEN is a public entity in charge of implementing and developing all the renewable energy projects. In a bid to streamline management of this sector, His Majesty The King Mohammed VI has entrusted Moroccan Agency for Solar Energy (MASEN) with steering renewables (solar, wind & hydro-power).The move is meant to harmonize Morocco’s energy policy seeking to develop renewable energy to provide 42% of electricity by 2020 and 52% in 2030.

AMEE is the national agency dedicated to the development of energy efficiency in industry, housing, transport, public lighting and agriculture. It is a public strategic institution which promotes, conceives and realizes development programs in the area of energy efficiency.The agency is also in charge of environment preservation programs related to energy activities.

Focus on Solar Power
Moroccan Agency for Solar Energy (MASEN) has been created to implement integrated solar projects with a targeted production of a minimum of 2 000 MW by 2020, which should generate investments worth more than 9 billion US Dollars and allow for annual savings of green-house gas (GHG) emissions equivalent to 3.7 million tons of carbon dioxide. Beyond power production, it aims also at endowing the country with a competitive industrial network to create added-value and employment, developing R&D to serve industrial companies, promoting specialized training and contributing to local development around the projects. MASEN is involved in all streams of project development to increase developers and investors visibility. This includes providing site studies and shared infrastructures, optimizingrisk allocation and launching clear and transparent international competitive bidding processes. MASEN also provides financing for the first projects as the solar sector is still in transition, aiming to getthe most “useful” power (matching local needs) at optimal price.This approach is coupled with a strong will to develop local integration (by maximizing socio-economic impacts of implemented projects) and regional integration (through export of electricity). European countries have confirmed their willingness to increase the portion of green energy in their power mix while Morocco can provide competitive solar power thanks to 2 key assets: strong solar radiation and land availability. Institutional framework making it possible to import energy from the South is already set in Europe (Energy-Climate Directive) and in Morocco (legislative framework empowering MASEN), This vision has been successfully operationalized through the NOOR I project (160 MW, CSP trough), first phase of NOOR, a 580 MW complex located in Ouarzazate. This project has been implemented through an innovative IPP structure with a clear risk allocation shared between public and private entities. It benefited from astrong financial support from various international financing institutions (including from the Clean Technology Fund), as well as a key contribution of the private sector, resulting in a very competitive kWh price. Early 2013, Morocco was ranked #2 for attractiveness on the international CSP market, illustrating the credibility and the know-how developed by Morocco in this field. The second phase of the NOOR complex, composed of the NOOR II project (~200MW, CSP trough) and the NOOR III project (~100MW, CSP tower), is under construction. NOOR IV (~80MW, PV).MASEN is planning several other projects based on a solar-resource in other regions.

Focus on Wind Power
MASEN expects an installed capacity of 2000 MW in 2020, almost 30% of the current total installed capacity, with a generation, because of the exceptional wind regime, of almost 6600GWh annually corresponding to 21% of the current annual generation. The estimated investment cost is 3.5 billion US Dollars. Private companies can develop their own renewable energy projects for their own consumption through the 13-09 law. More than 400 MW wind projects are operated for mining, steel, cement industries and others.

Focus on Hydroelectric project|
Different hydro projects are under development: The hydroelectric station of Mdez-El Menzel, with an installed capacity of 170 MW and a generation expected of 300 GWh. The total investment estimated cost is $200 million; the pumping storage station of Abdelmoumen, with an installed capacity of 350 MW and a generation expected of 612 GWh. The total investment estimated cost is $200 million and others small hydroelectric projects with a total installed capacity of 60 MW and a generation expected of 180 GWh and an estimated investment cost of $50 million. Also in this field, private small hydroelectric projects are under development.